What Are the Working Conditions for Psychologists?

Psychologists can stay in an office or work in the community.
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Psychologists can stay in an office or work in the community.

Anyone considering a career in psychology should learn about the working conditions in which psychologists find themselves. As a psychologist, your work environment depends a lot on your clientele. Options range from working a regular schedule in a luxurious private practice to sporadic work in field settings ranging from hospitals to prisons.

Physical Environment

When you picture a "typical" psychologist, you may imagine someone working in a private office, community clinic or mental health center. Psychologists who work closely with a psychiatrist or other medical professionals, however, are likely to work in a clinic or hospital, while psychologists who specialize in treating clients recovering from an illness or accident may work in a rehabilitation center. Child psychologists sometimes make field visits into homes or schools to assess children's environments. Forensic psychologists may be employed by the court to do assessments in jails and rehabilitation centers, and they may have to testify in court.


Psychologists are white-collar employees who generally work in environments with excellent physical amenities. Even if you work in a prison evaluating clients on death row, you will likely be provided adequate toilet facilities, shelter, drinking water, a clean working environment and adequate lighting. Keep in mind that some workplace environments are more luxurious than others, such as a private practice compared to a community mental health center.


Psychologists have stressful jobs, regardless of the location in which they work. As a psychologist, you will see people at their worst, during times of crisis, when they may be tearful, angry or totally non-communicative. If you want to last in this field, you have to learn what pushes your personal buttons and deal with your own issues so you can concentrate on your clients. Look for a work setting that offers peer support and supervision to help you through your tough times.

Patient Aggression

The reality of working with mentally unstable patients is that some will become aggressive toward you. While psychologists can exert some amount of control over their level of risk by choosing their clientele carefully, a 2008 article in the "Los Angeles Times" quoted seasoned therapist Debra E. Pearl as saying, "Anybody who goes into this business knows there is a possibility that something could happen." Look for a secure work setting with outside supervision or a panic button to summon help when needed.

2016 Salary Information for Psychologists

Psychologists earned a median annual salary of $75,710 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. On the low end, psychologists earned a 25th percentile salary of $56,390, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. The 75th percentile salary is $97,780, meaning 25 percent earn more. In 2016, 166,600 people were employed in the U.S. as psychologists.

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