Types of Science Careers

Science offers numerous career possibilities.
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If you have an aptitude for science and math, your career possibilities are legion. Scientists study everything from the food you eat to the stars in the sky. Modern technology and science education programs opened all kinds of careers in the sciences to women.


    In the diverse field of engineering, engineers rely upon science to solve technical problems efficiently. Applied scientists test products and technologies, from telecommunications to office furniture. Chemical engineers develop and test chemicals for industry and consumers, and study how chemicals affect people, materials and ecosystems. Mechanical engineers design and test machines and machine parts, from security systems to car engines.


    Computer scientists develop systems and networks, create apps for mobile technologies, design hardware, develop software and computer programs, study ways to increase computer speeds and develop video games. If it has a microprocessor, a computer scientist has had a hand in it.

Environment and Nature

    Environmental engineers study air and water pollution, global warming, endangered ecosystems and waste management. In the natural world, botanists study plants and forests, marine scientists study ocean health and marine wildlife, and zoologists and ecologists study habitats and ways to maintain the health of animal populations and their habitats.

Materials Science

    Materials experts study how to turn raw materials into useful products. Some products come straight from the earth and are applied to technology, such as silicon for computer microchips. Others are processed or broken down for use, such as soybeans for plastics and auto components.

Biotech & Pharmaceutical

    Biologists, chemists and mechanical engineers have many options in the life sciences, from developing and testing new medicines to designing artificial limbs. Biotechnology is at the forefront of the health sciences, where scientists study ways to combat diseases and ailments in humans and animals.


    The one field in which you get to call yourself a rocket scientist, space scientists study the universe beyond Earth's atmosphere and launch and monitor satellites for military and commercial uses. Space scientists also develop and hone the systems needed to get equipment and people to and from space safely.


    Food scientists use biology, math and chemistry to solve problems for farmers and food producers. They work on everything from how farms can use less labor and control pests, to how food processors and producers can improve safety and nutrition in their products.


    Energy scientists study ways to increase efficiency in electrical systems and power grids, study new fuel sources and develop new and more efficient alternative energy. They research and develop equipment and materials that use the sun, wind or geothermal energy to power this plugged-in planet.

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