Job Description for a Caregiver for Severely Handicapped Adults

Severely disabled adults need caregivers to help them remember important things.

Severely disabled adults need caregivers to help them remember important things.

Depending upon their level of disability, severely handicapped adults require various degrees of help with many needs. By the time people reach adolescence, they are expected to handle many common tasks on their own, such as grooming, eating and being mobile. Commonly referred to as activities of daily living, these are the types of accomplishments necessary to get through the day. Caregivers are usually not qualified to administer any medical care, but rather help handicapped adults have a more comfortable and safe life.

Necessary Skill Sets

Caregivers for severely handicapped adults have direct contact with clients and help them take care of personal issues, so compassion is a top priority. They should also be approachable and able to put their clients at ease. Caregivers may also go into private homes, so proven integrity is a must. Physical strength may be required, as well, to help those in their care get around throughout the day.

Physically Helping Clients

Caregivers help severely disabled individuals prepare for the day. After helping clients get out of bed, they help them bathe -- assisting anywhere from giving a sponge bath to monitoring their safety in the shower. After bathing, caregivers lend a hand with shaving, brushing teeth and applying makeup, if desired. They also help clients physically move around throughout their days by pushing wheelchairs when needed or providing assistance going up and down stairs, for example.

Medication and Shopping

Severely handicapped adults typically need help with activities expected of the average mature individual. Clients may need help sorting through and taking medications, as well as refilling prescriptions when they run out. They may also need help administering medications, although caregivers are not qualified to give shots or change wound dressings. Caregivers also ensure that their clients have necessary supplies to get by and shop for them when needed, including items like food and toiletries. They may also help administer therapist-prescribed exercise programs.

Career Background

Caregivers may not be required to have additional education above a high school diploma -- and, in some cases, they may not be required to have graduated from high school at all. Training on the job is common for caregiver positions and may be required specifically to understand the needs of the severely disabled. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that, in 2012, the average pay for a personal care aide was $9.57 per hour -- or $19,910 per full-time year. It also reported in the same year that more than 1 million personal aides were employed in the U.S.

2016 Salary Information for Personal Care Aides

Personal care aides earned a median annual salary of $21,920 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. On the low end, personal care aides earned a 25th percentile salary of $19,180, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. The 75th percentile salary is $24,860, meaning 25 percent earn more. In 2016, 2,016,100 people were employed in the U.S. as personal care aides.

Video of the Day

Brought to you by LIVESTRONG.COM
Brought to you by LIVESTRONG.COM

About the Author

Based in the Midwest, Gina Scott has been writing professionally since 2008. She has worked in real estate since 2004 and has expertise in pop culture and health-related topics. She has also self-published a book on how to overcome chronic health conditions. Scott holds a Master of Arts in higher-education administration from Ball State University.

Photo Credits

  • Jupiterimages/BananaStock/Getty Images