Incident investigators, which are also sometimes called accident investigators, work for companies to investigate situations that happen in the workplace. They can also work for law firms, insurance companies, aviation companies and law enforcement agencies. There's no one certification process available, but there are several education and certification programs targeted to specific types of incidents. Aspiring incident investigators need to know what kind of training suits their career goal before enrolling in one of these programs.
Workplace incident investigators look into accidents that happen in work places. This job involves finding the cause of accidents or near-accidents, as well as documenting the accident. Additionally, you will need to interview the people involved and document their answers clearly. Finally, you will prepare a report detailing the causes of the incident, which procedures weren't followed correctly, who was at fault, and how these types of incidents can be prevented in the future. There are several places that provide certification for workplace investigation, including the National Safety Council.
Auto Accident Investigation
Auto accident investigators document car or truck accidents. There are several sub-fields to auto investigation. Some investigations involve documenting damage to vehicles for the insurance company, to help determine fault. Other investigations take place on the road, at the site of the accident, to determine how it happened. Jobs for this kind of investigation involve working for law enforcement or for insurance companies. In some cases, auto investigators work with personal injury lawyers. As a result, these investigations need to be documented in a way that will hold up in court. State-specific certification is available in some states, but you can also be certified through the National Association of Investigative Specialists.
Aviation accidents can happen in the air or on the ground, and understanding how these types of accidents happened and how to prevent them in the future is crucial. Jobs for aviation accident investigators are available from major airlines and shipping companies, as well as through specific air fields. These jobs require a thorough knowledge of air safety regulations in addition to standard accident investigation techniques. Determining whether the accident was caused by faulty equipment or by human error is one of the biggest parts of the job, so a basic understanding of mechanics is also important. Certification in Aviation Accident Investigation is available through aviation schools. Check your local air field for their recommended training facilities.
Hospital and Care Facility Investigation
Hospitals and care facilities, like nursing homes, have stringent safety rules in place. When accidents or near-accidents occur, it's important to determine if the safety regulations were ignored or followed, in which case a recommendation for new or improved safety regulations is a necessary part of the investigator's report. Jobs for this kind of investigator are available at the facilities themselves, or through the state agencies that license and regulate the facilities. Certification for care facility investigators can be obtained through state training agencies.