If you are fascinated by how social interaction intersects with the consequences of individual and group behavior among human beings, sociology might be the career field for you. Far from being limited to tenure-track academia, a career in sociology can involve working in a multitude of career fields, such as sports, health, law enforcement, government and business. The path to becoming a sociologist depends on whether you want to pursue a traditional or professional career.
The first step to becoming a sociologist is completing your bachelor's degree with a major in sociology or a sociology subdiscipline. For example, Ashford University offers a bachelor of arts in sociology, while The University of California-Davis offers a degree in sociology-organizational studies. Course requirements vary by institution, but typically involve a total of at least 120 semester hours, including a broad range of sociology studies, such as social problems, family studies, racial and ethnic group studies, aging and social justice.
Once you have your BA degree, you can embark on a career as an applied sociologist, although your actual job title might not reflect that. Your sociology degree might open the door for you to work at an entry level position in business, social services or government, according to the American Sociological Association. It can also help prepare you to work in journalism, public relations, public administration or any other field that requires the ability to understand and work with diverse groups.
The higher your degree, the more likely you are to obtain a job that actually includes the term "sociologist" in the title, according to the University of Oregon's Department of Sociology. A master of arts in sociology might prepare you to work as a high school teacher or counselor. You might join the faculty at a college or university, or you might not go into the academic world at all. You might parley your sociology master's degree into a career as a research analyst, urban planner, human resources manager or criminologist.
If your goal is to work as a tenure-track college professor of sociology, you probably need a doctorate in the field, but obtaining your Ph.D. doesn't automatically grant you entree into the ivory tower. According to American Sociological Association, approximately 54.5 percent of recent sociology Ph.D.s received permanent tenured or tenure-track positions
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