Ideal Percentage of Weight for a Seated Chest Press

If your machine has multiple handles, you can do multiple sets holding different handles.

If your machine has multiple handles, you can do multiple sets holding different handles.

Spending time in the weight room requires more than just showing up -- you also have to put some thought into the deal. The "ideal" amount of weight for any exercise is the amount that makes your muscles feel fatigued at the end of the set, According to MayoClinic.com's Dr. Edward Laskowski, -- which means that everyone's ideal is going to be different. The seated chest press recruits the muscles of the chest, shoulders and triceps -- all upper-body muscles that don't tend to be extremely powerful in women. For this machine, you may start out lifting only 10 pounds, but over time you'll find that you'll probably lift a lot more.

Remove the pin from the chest press machine's weight plates, so that no weight is on the cables or levers.

Sit on the seat of the chest press machine and test its height. Whether you're using the lever chest press machine, which has long straight handles stretching up from near your thighs, or the cable chest press machine with cables and handles coming from behind you, the handles should be about chest-high when held in the starting position. Grab the handles and press them forward far enough so that your hands are to the sides of your chest. If your hands are lower or higher than about nipple height, stand up, remove the pin from the seat of the machine, raise or lower it to the correct height and then replace the pin.

Place the pin under the first weight plate on the machine, which will start you out with the lightest weight possible on the machine. Depending on the machine, this may be about 10 pounds.

Sit on the seat of the machine, grab the handles and sit up straight to engage the muscles of your core.

Press the handles forward as far as you can go. If the action feels extremely easy, it's probably too light a weight to make your muscles work to fatigue. When that's the case, remove the pin and place it under the second or third weight plate, which may represent 20 and 30 pounds, respectively. If the original weight seemed fairly tough to press forward, continue with that 10-pound weight.

Press the handles forward and then allow them to slowly move back to the starting position. Repeat this motion 12 to 15 times. If you've chosen the right amount of weight, the last few repetitions will be very difficult. According to Dr. Laskowski, a single set to fatigue is sufficient for most exercisers.

Write "Seated Chest Press" in your workout notebook and then note the date and the amount of weight you lifted. A record of your performance can give you a clear view of your progress and keep you motivated. According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services' 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, performing all-over strength training two days a week, using all major muscle groups, is recommended for fitness.

Continue lifting that same amount of weight -- provided it was enough to push your muscles to fatigue -- for about two weeks. Every two to three weeks, add about 5 to 10 percent to the amount you're lifting to continue working your muscles to fatigue as you get stronger. For some chest press machines, this might require using smaller supplemental weight plates, such as a 2- or 5-pound plate, that you can stack on top of the existing weight plates.

Items you will need

  • Workout notebook

Tip

  • Always talk to your doctor before starting a new exercise regimen -- especially if you have any chronic diseases. If you're experiencing any pain or discomfort or you're just not sure how to use a certain exercise machine, talk to a personal trainer or gym attendant for help.
 

About the Author

Nicole Vulcan has been a journalist since 1997, covering parenting and fitness for The Oregonian, careers for CareerAddict, and travel, gardening and fitness for Black Hills Woman and other publications. Vulcan holds a Bachelor of Arts in English and journalism from the University of Minnesota. She's also a lifelong athlete and is pursuing certification as a personal trainer.

Photo Credits

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