A job bank is essentially a medium for organizations to post jobs and for job seekers to search through a database of opportunities. While some job banks have physical office locations and staff to assist, many operate through online portals. Community job banks specifically connect employers and prospects in local communities.
Community job banks fill an important role in many areas. The primary purpose of a job bank is to support the overall level of employment in a community, which benefits individuals, families, companies and the community as a whole. Some job banks are private, for-profit operations. However, many are nonprofit organizations or an extension of a larger nonprofit organization like United Way.
A local job bank with a general focus lists jobs in a variety of public and private organizations and caters to any job seeker in the area. Job listings may include opportunities in banking, financing, housekeeping, retail and social service. Some jobs are temporary while others are full-time opportunities. General job banks in communities often have physical offices. These are also commonly known as placement agencies. In some cases, employers pay a fee to list jobs.
Some job banks are focused specifically on connecting prospects with community and social service jobs. This puts more onus on the "community" aspect of a community job bank. The jobs posted specifically relate to community operation or development. The United Way, for example, operates a number of community job banks where it promotes internal opportunities and other area social service job options for people. These jobs relate to staffing community offices and involvement in cleanup or maintenance of community properties.
In many cases, community job banks have a heavy emphasis on unskilled or semi-skilled positions. This relates to a primary purpose of reducing unemployment and helping less-skilled workers find employment. People with higher education and strong technical skills often have less difficulty getting and maintaining employment. Thus, community job banks often focus on helping people in less-affluent neighborhoods or with fewer job skills to become actively employed.
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